B-cell lymphoma is one of the two primary types of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Lymphoma is known to affect major sites of lymph tissue in the body, specifically the lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, thymus, adenoids, tonsils, and the digestive tract. B-cell lymphoma mainly affects the white blood cells (lymphocytes) crippling the immune system, making the body severely vulnerable to imminent external threats. A weakened immune system is a result of the rapid destruction of B-cells that are responsible for making antibodies to help the body fight infections and virus attacks.
There are no known causes of B-cell lymphoma; however, researchers attribute certain triggers including changes in the genes and the immune system that cause cancer cells to develop. People who have specific immune deficiencies, autoimmune diseases, or those who suffer from chronic infections are at a higher risk of developing B-cell lymphoma.
Note that factors like age, gender, family history, exposure to elements, the immune system, and overall lifestyle influence the survival rate during and after treatment. B-cell lymphoma survival rates also vary depending on the various stages of the condition. Scientists estimate a 5-year survival rate for people suffering from Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. However, there have been cases that show better chances of survival depending on the severity of the condition.
Survival estimates are based on previous outcomes of people who have suffered from the condition. It is also difficult to isolate estimates for a single patient because of the limitations with respect to statistics and data available for reference.
There are two primary prognostic indexes that help doctors determine the outlook for people suffering from NHL.
International Prognostic Index (IPI)
Doctors can make use of the International Prognostic Index (IPI) to determine an estimate for B-cell lymphoma survival among common types of lymphoma. The index takes into account the patient’s age, stage of lymphoma, cancer location, performance status of the patient, and blood serum level indicating the amount of lymphoma in the system. A revised IPI has also been launched in recent years helping doctors conclude a better prognosis for various risk categories.
Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI)
Doctors rely on the Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI) to determine follicular lymphomas with a different prognostic approach and estimate the survival rate. The FLIPI also provides varied estimates for a 2-year, 5-year, and even 10-year survival, depending on the number of people in various risk groups for the said duration.
Patients are assigned prognostic points to further categorize them and determine B-cell lymphoma survival rates with better accuracy. The prognostic points classify patients into different risk categories that help doctors estimate the percentage of survivors in every risk category to help draw conclusions from the statistics.
American football is one of the most played games and is also considered as their favorite pastime. The sport is not limited to an age group, as it is played by the kids to the grown adults as well as slightly older adults. The game is of utmost value even in the professional field and has a massive fan following. The super bowl, which is the final game between the winners of AFC and NFC, is one of the most awaited games of the season in all of America. However, the safety of this game on a local level is a causing concern as there have been some fatal injuries in the past few years. The professional level, however, is well equipped with the safety gear for the player. Let us look at some top American football equipment providers.
Founded in 1924, Adidas has made more than a name for itself by becoming one of the premium sponsors for sports equipment required for American football. They are a German company and manufacture sports goods under the brand names like Adidas, Reebok, and Taylormade-Adidas.
- Amer Sports
Amer Sports is a sporting goods company that has been around for a while, providing equipment to a variety of sports. The sporting goods company includes brands like Salomon, Wilson, Atomic, Mavic, Suunto, and Precor. The company’s goal is to make equipment that helps in improving the performance as well as double the enjoyment of the sport.
- Schutt Sports
Schutt is a sports goods company that majors in sporting good for American football. It is based in Litchfield, Illinois. They believe in the safety of the players and that has been their primary goal in the manufacturing of the products. Schutt’s ION 4D, vengeance, AIR XP, and DNA football helmets are the only helmets that have a TPU cushioning, which is the same material that has been used by the US armed forces for the fighter pilot and paratrooper helmets.
- Douglas Sports
Douglas sports was a small sporting goods manufacturer that has grown over time, it is a family owned and operated business in Eldridge, Lowa. They first started with industrial fabrics and then moved onto sports goods. They have been involved in a significant amount of high profile projects across the nation and the world.
With a plethora of choices available, it can be difficult to find the right pair of the best gloves for winter. These top seven are some of the best gloves for winter, which have been chosen after going through over many models. They have been tested by skiing at resorts, touring the backcountry, and riding a snowmobile. Each was put through a wringer to determine the dexterity and warmth. This will help you figure out which are the best gloves for winter that will suit you best.
The Hestra Vertical Cut Freeride: This is a tough glovethe inside is lined with soft brushed fleece which will keep your hands warm. If you spend much of your time on adventures, this is one of the best gloves for winter that you can choose.
The Black Diamond Mercury Mitt: It is regarded as the warmest product and has optional internal index finger slot and a hanging loop for quick drying. It has a lining of PrimaLoft, a fleece lining, and is covered with BDry waterproof fabric. It performs well in freezing temperatures; however, it is not water resistant as The North Face Montana Mitt.
The Arc’teryx Lithic: This is one of the best gloves for wet conditions and has other advantages. The Lithic uses great fabric and material. It is stitched and assembled in a unique pattern. This makes the glove special, as the waterproof is sandwiched between a liner and an exterior layer. It is stitched like a 3-layer Gore-tex jacket. The Lithic is extremely warm and water resistant, and it is a good choice for climbers and skiers, as it is lightweight and packable.
Outdoor Research Revolution: At $70, the gloves are solid and dexterous. It has a good amount of insulation for average weather resistance. It is good for dexterity and is comfortable and convenient to use.
The North Face Montana Mitt: It is a mix of warm and weather resistant material and dexterity at a $70 price tag. It scores over others for being water resistant.
This list of some of the best gloves for winter has been created on the basis of:
Warmth: The warmest are the Hestra Vertical Cut Freeride, Arc’teryx Lithic, or Outdoor Research Olympus Sensor Gloves.
Dexterity: The most dexterous gloves are the Arc’teryx Lithic, the Hestra Vertical Cut Freeride, and the Black Diamond Guide.
Water Resistance: The Mute was noticeably more water resistant than the Hestra Vertical Cut Freeride. The Arc’teryx Lithic performed better than nearly all of the other gloves.
Durability: The Mute Sensor Gloves are durable and lead the way for other gloves like Black Diamond Legend and Hestra Vertical Cut Freeride and the Outdoor Research Revolution gloves.
Features: Touchscreen-sensitive index finger and thumb was tested for extreme cold and wet conditions where it performed very well. Most gloves, such as the Mute Sensor, have a softer fabric on the backside of its thumb for a nose/goggle wipe.
You can choose from these options of some of the best ski gloves for this winter.
Video games have been an age-old affair and one cannot get over them. With something more and new around every day. The excitement is insatiable for gamers. However, some games turn out to be classic and don’t ever seem to fade away.
When new technology takes over and changes the systems we use for gaming these older cartridges become dysfunctional. That is when you need a retro gaming console to continue playing your classic favorite in spite of the new releases.
If you are one of those who loves to play games and has a collection of it, you would definitely have a few cartridges that you loved back in the old days and can no more play with them due to non-supportive new devices. That’s when a retro gaming console comes handy. Here are few Retro-Bit game consoles that you can consider to rekindle the old school gamer in you.
This old-school gaming console is loaded with numerous games you would have played a couple of years back. It looks similar to Sega Saturn and has ports for both HDMI and AV. An SD card slot is provided so you can save all your live games. It has as many as 92 games loaded within and you can expect much more when you actually start using them. The Retro-Bit Gen-X has a pair of USB controllers and is ideal for retro gaming. It can play most of the old cartridge games and takes you back memory lane. The developers have assorted a collection of all-time favorites of classic gamers.
The Retro-Bit Generations has a very simple look. With a glossy outer box with black base and red highlights, it looks very smart and minimal. Other things you would spot on the box are ports and slots for game inputs. Moreover, X-Game Retro is one of the classic entertainment systems.
There is much similarity between the NES Classic and the Retro-Bit Generations. It has a large number of games than the former. You can play games like Alfred Chicken and Totally Rad with no legal issues on the Retro-Bit Generations.
Retro-Bit Super Retro Trio Console
This system lets you play old cartridge games that would make you totally nostalgic. The latest version in this series can play a range of options like NES, SNES, GBA, Game Boy and the Sega Genesis. This retro gaming console is convenient as compared to the older consoles. You don’t need to worry about legwork, space to play or cash.
The Super Retro Trio is made in black color with red highlights. It looks bulky and quite cumbersome to load the cartridges. The outer structure is lite and the inner moving parts don’t shake. The entire device is effective and simple. Moreover, it does not require high power to run.
Overall the device is very affordable and is value for money. The console is very reliable and you can play all your old games that you may have tucked away. It supports NES, SNES and Sega Genesis systems. So you don’t necessarily need old systems.